withdrawal D, addiction D, Pure food D, Harrison C,
neurotrasmitters A, synapse B, dopamine C, long use D form of admin B
fastest /intravenous A,  subcutaneously C mot come B  Not cost C Brand name C
Eleen: food I Sean: sex, pornograph I Kate: shoplifting I Jody: heroin, crack, prescription drugs, gamling, nicotine
routes of administration, 1. Oral, 2. Intranasal, 3. Inhalation 4. Sub-lingual, 5. Subcutaneous, 6. Intramuscular, 7. Intravenous, 
8. Transdermal/Topical 9. Rectal  10. Drops
Mutual Help is preferred way, AA is the oldest , the model for others
Outpatient treatment/ cheapest  : acupuncture detox, individual and group / most cost-effective treatment and day treatment/ intensive . 
Inpatient treatment can consist of any and all of the following: detoxification, holding/transitional services, 
short-term rehabilitation, half-way house/recovery home, therapeutic community,  house, sober house and transitional housing
Pharmacotherapies / medication treatments : 
  Disulfiram/Antabuse makes an individual sick if they drink alcohol.  Naltrexone: reduces the pleasurable effects of alcohol. 
quitting smoking : patch, spray, inhaler, lozenge, gum and of course Zyban and Chantix. Suboxone : prevent withdrawal symptoms. 
 Naltrexone, Buprenorphine (Subutex and Suboxone), Naloxone (Narcan) 
and Methadone are all used to treat individuals addicted to opiates Naloxone : prevent overdose
screening tools: N-M ASSIST (NIDA-Modified Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test
CAGE( Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener)
MAST (Michigan Alcohol Screening Test). 
AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test),
 DAST (Drug Abuse Screening Test), 
TWEAK (Tolerance Worried Eye-Opener Amnesia Kut Down)
 prenatal screen for high risk use in pregnant women
SOGS (South Oaks Gambling Screen), SOGS-RA